The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (the IPCC) published its fourth Assessment Report on Climate Change in 2007. The report stated that global emissions must be reduced by at least 50% below 1990 levels by 2050, followed by additional global emission reductions towards a zero carbon economy by the end of the century, to possibly keep the average temperature increase below 2⁰C.
The fourth assessment report concluded that developing countries in all regions would also need to achieve substantial deviation from their GHG emission baseline to be able to stabilize atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations and stay below the 2⁰C temperature increase.
During COP 13 in 2007 in Bali, Indonesia, the parties to the UNFCCC agreed upon a road map and an action plan. The Bali Action Plan invited developing countries to implement «Nationally appropriate mitigation actions…in the context of sustainable development, supported and enabled by technology, financing and capacity-building, in a measurable, reportable and verifiable manner;…».
The identification of NAMA is an opportunity for developing countries to explore and exploit the possibilities for achieving such substantial deviations from their baseline or business as usual scenario for greenhouse gas emissions, and transforming their development towards low emission pathways.
The course aims to advance knowledge around the definition of NAMAs and provide basic concepts, approaches and methodologies for planning, formulating and implementing NAMAs to relevant NAMA practitioners. In addition, the course aims to raise awareness and prepare potential government officials acting as NAMA managers and approvers on the aspects of NAMA formulation, not only for general public guidance, but also for submission to the UNFCCC.
Content and Structure
Module 1 – NAMA BASICS consists of chapter 1, 2 and 3. Chapter 1 presents the background of NAMAs, through the development of the NAMA concept through the COP and CMP decisions. Chapter 2 presents the terminology of NAMA, the development of different NAMA typologies depending if the NAMA will require support and the type of support requested. Moreover, the diversity of NAMAs submitted will be analysed in terms of size, scope and requested support. Chapter 3 presents different roles for NAMA agents during NAMA identification, elaboration and implementation, and the different phases of NAMA development.
Module 2 – NAMA CONCEPT consists of chapter 4, 5 and 6. Chapter 4 presents the key elements of NAMA documentation, mainly focusing on the information required to submit a NAMA to the Registry of the UNFCCC. The chapter also presents the UNEP Risoe Centre’s ‘NAMA Idea Note’, a template available to formulate and structure the NAMA documentation. Chapter 5 lists and explains the main enabling conditions for NAMAs that will facilitate their implementation. Chapter 6 presents the NAMA registry of the UNFCCC and its procedure to submit and register a NAMA.
Module 3 – NAMA DESIGN consists of chapter 7 to 10. Chapter 7 explains the process of identification of the NAMAs and the conceptual steps to formulate a baseline scenario and greenhouse gas emission scenarios. Chapter 8 focuses on the prioritisation of identified NAMAs. The emphasis here is on the main decision support techniques and on the key elements which will need to be considered when prioritising NAMAs. Chapter 9 explains how the barrier analysis should be conducted for prioritised NAMAs. Moreover, the chapter also presents the main measures to remove the identified barriers. Chapter 10 discusses the Monitoring, Report and Verification process that every NAMA needs to formulate and define.
Module 4 – EXAMPLES OF EXISTING NAMA CONCEPTS AND DESIGNS encompasses 4 chapters. It presents 4 existing NAMA concepts and NAMA designs that are formulated by different countries in the sectors of:
These chapters show how different the concepts and aims of the NAMAs can be. It also provides insights on the barriers identified in the NAMAs, envisioned actions to enabling environments and proposed financing mechanisms; how they are understood, and the different approaches between different NAMAs.