Flagship Publications


Updated national pledges since COP26 make a negligible difference to predicted 2030 emissions. We are far from the Paris Agreement goal of limiting global warming to well below 2°C, preferably 1.5°C.
Policies currently in place point to a 2.8°C temperature rise by the end of the century. Implementation of the current pledges will only reduce this to a 2.4-2.6°C temperature rise by the end of the century, for conditional and unconditional pledges respectively.

The 2022 Emissions Gap Report finds that only an urgent system-wide transformation can deliver the enormous cuts needed to limit greenhouse gas emissions.

Access all Emissions Gap reports

Adaptation Gap reports

As climate impacts intensify across the globe, nations must dramatically increase funding and implementation of actions designed to help vulnerable nations and communities adapt to the climate storm.
The Adaptation Gap Report 2022: Too Little, Too Slow – Climate adaptation failure puts world at risk, finds that global efforts in adaptation planning, financing and implementation are not keeping pace with the growing risks.

The report finds that linking adaptation and mitigation actions can enhance co-benefits.
However, unprecedented political will and more long-term investments in adaptation are urgently needed to avoid the adaptation gap from widening.

Access all Adaptation Gap reports

Perspectives series

The UNEP Copenhagen Climate Centre ‘Perspectives Series' is a series of publications aimed at sharing expert and practitioner opinions and experiences on emerging topics related to climate change.

Access reports

The Climate Technology Progress Report 2022

Insights on technology transfer and development and clarity on gaps and enablers in amplifying climate action.

Effective development and transfer of climate technologies is more crucial than ever. Green technology is key to sustainable development while tackling the interlinked issues of the triple planetary crisis that humanity currently faces: climate change, pollution and biodiversity loss.
But, how do we assess progress on climate technology?
The new Climate Technology Progress Report 2022 aims to bring more clarity on what leads to successful development and transfer of technology, and to the gaps and enablers in amplifying climate action.

Download report

Implementing Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC's)

How countries’ nationally determined contributions (NDCs) are implemented and improved upon over time will determine whether the long-term temperature goal of the Paris Agreement is achieved.
Each country will prepare for and implement its NDC in different ways, based on the nature of its NDC, how the NDC was first developed, and its national circumstances.

Download report