Africa Climate Week highlights opportunities of national climate plans

The closing of Africa Climate Week 2019 brought focus on actions over declarations and continued need for finance

March 23, 2019

Africa Climate Week formally closed Friday, concluding a five-day programme of events in Accra.

Throughout the week stakeholders from all sectors in an encouragement to increase the scope and scale of climate ambition, on a continent that although it least responsible for the emissions causing climate change, it is yet the most negatively affected.

The week ended with a summary event where key takeaways was presented to Luis Alfonso de Alba, UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for this year’s Climate Action Summit, who will carry them as input into the summit.

These takeaways were organized around three themes, which have provided the focus of discussions at the Climate Week – Cities & Local Action, Energy Transition, and Nature-Based Solutions – and which correspond directly to three of the ‘Transformational Areas’ that the United Nations Secretary-General has specially selected to guide the Summit in New York City later in the year.

Actions wanted

The Special Envoy reminded delegates that the September Summit must deliver not a declaration, but a concrete list of actions:
“The commitment of the UN Secretary-General is to urgently follow-up with actors that have pledged commitments during the Summit on the progress and implementation of those commitments. We have been looking at this meeting here in Accra to identify actions that are relevant from across the region, such as those on resilience and adaptation.”

The rapporteurs presenting these takeaways – Mr. Manuel de Araújo, Mayor of Quelimane, Mozambique; H.R.H. Princess Abze Djigma, Chair of the H.R.H. Princess Abze Djigma Foundation; and Ms. Djatougbe R. Aziaka, President of Togo Welfare and Journalist-Director of EcoConscience TV –addressed the Special Envoy to synthesize the discussions.

But before addressing these takeaways, the Mayor of Quelimane Mr. Manuel de Araújo spoke of how his region is presently suffering the catastrophic impacts of climate change.

Alluding to Cyclone Idai, which has hit Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Malawi, affecting more than 2 million people, he said: “I think I am well positioned to talk about climate change as my people are experiencing its consequences right now.”

Finance remains a barrier

One trend that was highlighted multiple times during the Summary event – and which formed a central part of Monday and Tuesday’s NDC Regional Dialogue – is that African policymakers are now concertedly focusing on the opportunities of their countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement.

However, as was also evident during Wednesday’s high-level segment, the barrier to securing this level of progress remains adequate investment, which needs to be facilitated with proper enabling environments and regionally-tailored financial instruments, such as green and climate-themed bonds, special-purpose bonds, and crowdfunding.

Meanwhile, the African Development Bank will double its climate finance commitments for the period 2020-2025. At the Inaugural regional One Planet Summit in Nairobi last week, the bank also committed at least USD 25 billion towards climate finance, pledging that it will allocate 40% of its annual approvals to climate finance by 2020.

A partnership

Africa Climate Week is the first of three annual regional climate weeks this year, build on the past regional Carbon Forums.
The Africa Climate Week is being organized by a number of core partners, including UN Climate Change, Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action, the World Bank Group, African Development Bank, West African Development Bank, CTCN, UNEP, UNEP DTU Partnership, UNDP and IETA.